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You can publish an open access article in this journal

Description

Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research is an academic, open access, peer reviewed journal owned by Arabian Gulf University, which welcomes both theoretical and empirical submissions in natural resources sciences, medical sciences, biotechnology, computer science and applications, innovation, entrepreneurship, and management sciences, and educational sciences.

Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research (AGJSR) publishes peer review research covering all aspects of pure, natural resources, management, computer, innovation, biotechnology, and educational sciences. The journal welcomes research, viewpoint, technical, conceptual, literature review, policy brief, and case study paper. The title covers but is not limited to the following research topic:

  • Natural resources sciences (i.e., climate change, renewable energy, waste management, water management, etc).
  • Medical Sciences (behavioural medical issues, psychological issues, etc).
  • Computer science and applications (cloud computing, mobile applications, cybersecurity, AI, FinTech, IOS, etc).
  • Biotechnology (i.e., Bioprocess engineering, drug discovery, bioremediation, environmental biotechnology).
  • Innovation, entrepreneurship, and management sciences (Digital, social, national, regional, product, process, organizational innovation; digital entrepreneurship, challenges and drivers of entrepreneurship, leadership styles, etc.).  
  • Educational Sciences (i.e., digital education, measurement and evaluation, educational psychology, creativity, gifted and talent management, autism, and difficulties, Virtual and augmented reality, metaverse, etc.).

The first AGJSR issue was published in 1983 by the Arab Bureau of Education for the Gulf States (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia) under the printed ISSN 1015-4442. Since 1999 the Journal moved to be published by the Arabian Gulf University (Manama, Bahrain) under the printed ISSN 1985-9899. The journal is currently published by Emerald on behalf of Arabian Gulf University under the printed ISSN:1985-9899 and online ISSN: 2536-0051.

All articles in Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research are published Open Access under a CC BY 4.0 licence, so are made freely available at no charge to the author. For further information on licencing please see the author guidelines.

Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research operates a double blind peer review model. All articles undergo an initial assessment by the journal editor. If they are considered suitable for peer review, articles will then be a reviewed by a minimum of two external reviewers to assess its suitability for publication. Final responsibility for editorial decisions rest with the journal editor.

To submit to the journal, please go to: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/agjsr. Please follow the author guidelines before submitting.

Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research is published by Emerald Publishing on behalf of Arabian Gulf University, who owns the title. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research is published under a Platinum Open Access arrangement, in that all charges for publishing an Open Access article in the journal are funded by Arabian Gulf University. Therefore, there is no charge to the author.

You can view the journal's transparency statement here.

  • General Editor

    • Dr. Khalid Abdul Rahman Al-Ohaly
      President, Arabian Gulf University - Bahrain
      [email protected]
  • Editor-in-Chief

    • Professor Soud Almahamid
      Dean, College of Graduate Studies, Arabian Gulf University - Bahrain
      [email protected]
  • Editorial Assistant

  • Editorial Board

    • Professor Abdelnaser Diab Al-Jarrah
      College of Graduate Studies, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
    • Dr. Fatima Al-Jasim
      College of Graduate Studies, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
    • Professor Waheeb Alnaser
      Vice President for Academic Affairs and Innovation, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
    • Professor Alaa Eldin A. Ayoub
      College of Graduate Studies, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
    • Professor Abdel-Moiz Bakhiet
      College of Medicine, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
    • Dr. Noureddine Ben Khalaf
      College of Graduate Studies, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
    • Professor Adel Bouhoula
      College of Graduate Studies, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
    • Professor Wael El Moslimany
      College of Graduate Studies, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
    • Professor Mariwan Husni
      College of Medicine, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
    • Professor Diaa Rizk
      College of Medicine, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
    • Professor Mohammed Shahid
      College of Medicine, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
  • Publisher

  • Journal Editorial Office (For queries related to pre-acceptance)

  • Supplier Project Manager (For queries related to post-acceptance)

Submit to the Journal

Important! In order to ensure originality and achieve greatest impact, Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research does not consider articles previously submitted to pre-print servers. Articles submitted to the journal should not have been published before in their current or substantially similar form, or be under consideration for publication with another journal.

Submissions to Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research are made using ScholarOne Manuscripts, the online submission and peer review system. Registration and access is available at https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/agjsr. Full information and guidance on using ScholarOne Manuscripts is available at the Emerald ScholarOne Manuscripts Support Centre: http://mchelp.manuscriptcentral.com/gethelpnow/.

Registering on ScholarOne Manuscripts

If you have not yet registered on ScholarOne Manuscripts, please follow the instructions below:

  • Please log on to: https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/agjsr.
  • Click on "Create Account"
  • Follow the on-screen instructions, filling in the requested details before proceeding
  • Your username will be your e-mail address and you have to input a password of at least 8 characters in length and containing two or more numbers
  • Click "Finish" and your account will have been created.

Submitting an article on ScholarOne Manuscripts

  • Please log on to Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research at https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/agjsr with your username and password. This will take you through to the Welcome page (To consult the Author Guidelines for this journal, click on the Home Page link in the Resources column)
  • Click on the Author Centre button
  • Click on the submit a manuscript link which will take you through to the Manuscript Submission page
  • Complete all fields and browse to upload your article
  • When all required sections are completed, preview your .pdf proof
  • Submit your manuscript

Authors submitting papers for publication should specify which section of the journal they wish their paper to be considered for: "Research Papers" or "Viewpoints", etc. The Editors and publisher will do everything possible to ensure that the manuscripts are dealt with promptly and that those which are accepted are quickly published.

Review Process

Each paper submitted is reviewed by at least two external reviewers and the editors to assess its suitability to the journal. All manuscripts which format does not follow the guidelines indicated below will be rejected without further consideration. (double check with editorial team)

Copyright

Articles submitted to the journal should not have been published before in their current or substantially similar form, or be under consideration for publication with another journal. Please see Emerald's originality guidelines for details. Authors submitting articles for publication warrant that the work is not an infringement of any existing copyright and will indemnify the publisher against any breach of such warranty.

The editor may make use of iThenticate software for checking the originality of submissions received.

This is an open access journal. All works are published under Creative Commons CC-BY license which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.

View the license in more detail.

Third Party Copyright Permissions

Prior to article submission, authors should clear permission to use any content that has not been created by them. Failure to do so may lead to lengthy delays in publication. Emerald is unable to publish any article which has permissions pending. The rights Emerald requires are:

  1. Non-exclusive rights to reproduce the material in the article or book chapter.
  2. Print and electronic rights.
  3. Worldwide English language rights.
  4. To use the material for the life of the work (i.e. there should be no time restrictions on the re-use of material e.g. a one-year licence).

When reproducing tables, figures or excerpts (of more than 250 words) from another source, it is expected that: 

  1. Authors obtain the necessary written permission in advance from any third party owners of copyright for the use in print and electronic formats of any of their text, illustrations, graphics, or other material, in their manuscript. Permission must also be cleared for any minor adaptations of any work not created by them.
  2. If an author adapts significantly any material, the author must inform the copyright holder of the original work.
  3. Authors obtain any proof of consent statements
  4. Authors must always acknowledge the source in figure captions and refer to the source in the reference list.

Authors should not assume that any content which is freely available on the web is free to use. Authors should check the website for details of the copyright holder to seek permission for re-use.

Copyright Forms

Upon acceptance of an article authors will be requested to sign a Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 (CC BY 4.0).

Publishing under a CC BY 4.0 license means:

  • Copyright in the article is retained by the author.
  • The author grants Emerald a licence to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.
  • Your article can be shared freely, including copying and redistributing the material in any medium or format.
  • Your article can be adapted, remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
  • Full attribution to the original work must be included in any derivatives, indicating if/where changes have been made.

Authors will be asked to complete the CC BY 4.0 licence through ScholarOne. All authors are sent an email with links to the licence form, which they must check for accuracy and submit electronically.

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

The Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research  adheres to the principles regarding ethical misconduct and publication ethics, as outlined by the Committee on Publication Ethics, the Council of Science Editors and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. If a case of suspected research or publication misconduct is brought to our attention, we will follow the guidelines outlined by these bodies. This may involve contacting the authors’ research institution, an ethics committee or other third parties.

Author Fees

The journal is published under a Platinum Open Access arrangement, in that all costs associated with publishing an Open Access article in the journal are funded by Arabian Gulf University. This journal does not charge APCs or submission charges.

Final Submission

The author must ensure that the manuscript is complete, grammatically correct and without spelling or typographical errors. Before submitting, authors should check their submission completeness using the available Article Submission Checklist. Proofs will be emailed prior to publication. 

Archiving Policy

Emerald provides perpetual access for all e-journal and book content by working with digital preservation schemes Portico, LOCKSS and CLOCKSS. Find out more about Emerald's archiving policy.

Manuscript Requirements

The journal's policy is open access and creative commons. Authors retain their rights to republish this material in other works written or edited by them, subject to full acknowledgement of the original source of publication.

Please prepare your manuscript before submission, using the following guidelines:

Format

Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format. LaTex files can be used if an accompanying PDF document is provided. PDF as a sole file type is not accepted, a PDF must be accompanied by the source file. Acceptable figure file types are listed further below.

Article Length

Articles should be a maximum of 8000 words in length. This includes all text including references and appendices. Please allow 280 words for each figure or table.

Article Title

A title of not more than eight words should be provided.

Author details

All contributing authors’ names should be added to the ScholarOne submission, and their names arranged in the correct order for publication.

  • Correct email addresses should be supplied for each author in their separate author accounts
  • The full name of each author must be present in their author account in the exact format they should appear for publication, including or excluding any middle names or initials as required
  • The affiliation of each contributing author should be correct in their individual author account. The affiliation listed should be where they were based at the time that the research for the paper was conducted

Biographies and acknowledgements

Authors who wish to include these items should save them together in an MS Word file to be uploaded with the submission. If they are to be included, a brief professional biography of not more than 100 words should be supplied for each named author.

Structured Abstract

Authors must supply a structured abstract in their submission, set out under 4-7 sub-headings (see our "How to... write an abstract" guide for practical help and guidance):

  • Purpose (mandatory)
  • Design/methodology/approach (mandatory)
  • Findings (mandatory)
  • Research limitations/implications (if applicable)
  • Practical implications (if applicable)
  • Social implications (if applicable)
  • Originality/value (mandatory)

Maximum is 250 words in total (including keywords and article classification, see below).

Authors should avoid the use of personal pronouns within the structured abstract and body of the paper (e.g. "this paper investigates..." is correct, "I investigate..." is incorrect).

Keywords

Authors should provide appropriate and short keywords in the ScholarOne submission that encapsulate the principal topics of the paper (see the How to... ensure your article is highly downloaded guide for practical help and guidance on choosing search-engine friendly keywords). The maximum number of keywords is 12.

Whilst Emerald will endeavour to use submitted keywords in the published version, all keywords are subject to approval by Emerald’s in house editorial team and may be replaced by a matching term to ensure consistency.

Article Classification

Authors must categorize their paper as part of the ScholarOne submission process. The category which most closely describes their paper should be selected from the list below.

Research paper. This category covers papers which report on any type of research undertaken by the author(s). The research may involve the construction or testing of a model or framework, action research, testing of data, market research or surveys, empirical, scientific or clinical research.

Viewpoint. Any paper, where content is dependent on the author's opinion and interpretation, should be included in this category; this also includes journalistic pieces.

Technical paper. Describes and evaluates technical products, processes or services.

Conceptual paper. These papers will not be based on research but will develop hypotheses. The papers are likely to be discursive and will cover philosophical discussions and comparative studies of others' work and thinking.

Case study. Case studies describe actual interventions or experiences within organizations. They may well be subjective and will not generally report on research. A description of a legal case or a hypothetical case study used as a teaching exercise would also fit into this category.

Literature review. It is expected that all types of paper cite any relevant literature so this category should only be used if the main purpose of the paper is to annotate and/or critique the literature in a particular subject area. It may be a selective bibliography providing advice on information sources or it may be comprehensive in that the paper's aim is to cover the main contributors to the development of a topic and explore their different views.

Policy Briefs. A Policy Briefs presents a concise summary of information that can help readers understand, and likely make decisions about, government or organizational policy. Policy briefs may be fast-tracked for immediate publication because they are considered very timely.

Headings

Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchy of headings. 

The preferred format is for first level headings to be presented in bold format and subsequent sub-headings to be presented in medium italics.

Notes/Endnotes

Notes or Endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be identified in the text by consecutive numbers, enclosed in square brackets and listed at the end of the article.

Figures

All Figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted in electronic form. 

All Figures should be of high quality, legible and numbered consecutively with arabic numerals. Graphics may be supplied in colour to facilitate their appearance on the online database.

  • Figures created in MS Word, MS PowerPoint, MS Excel, Illustrator should be supplied in their native formats. Electronic figures created in other applications should be copied from the origination software and pasted into a blank MS Word document or saved and imported into an MS Word document or alternatively create a .pdf file from the origination software.
  • Figures which cannot be supplied as above are acceptable in the standard image formats which are: .pdf, .ai, and .eps. If you are unable to supply graphics in these formats then please ensure they are .tif, .jpeg, or .bmp at a resolution of at least 300dpi and at least 10cm wide.
  • To prepare web pages/screenshots simultaneously press the "Alt" and "Print screen" keys on the keyboard, open a blank Microsoft Word document and simultaneously press "Ctrl" and "V" to paste the image. (Capture all the contents/windows on the computer screen to paste into MS Word, by simultaneously pressing "Ctrl" and "Print screen".)
  • Photographic images should be submitted electronically and of high quality. They should be saved as .tif or .jpeg files at a resolution of at least 300dpi and at least 10cm wide. Digital camera settings should be set at the highest resolution/quality possible.

Tables

Tables should be typed and included in a separate file to the main body of the article. The position of each table should be clearly labelled in the body text of article with corresponding labels being clearly shown in the separate file. 

Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate.

Supplementary files

Where tables, figures, appendices, and other additional content are supplementary to the article but not critical to the reader’s understanding of it, you can choose to host these supplementary files alongside your article on Insight, Emerald’s content hosting platform, or on an institutional or personal repository. All supplementary material must be submitted prior to acceptance.

If you choose to host your supplementary files on Insight, you must submit these as separate files alongside your article. Files should be clearly labelled in such a way that makes it clear they are supplementary; Emerald recommends that the file name is descriptive and that it follows the format ‘Supplementary_material_appendix_1’ or ‘Supplementary tables’. All supplementary material must be mentioned at the appropriate moment in the main text of the article, there is no need to include the content of the file but only the file name. A link to the supplementary material will be added to the article during production, and the material will be made available alongside the main text of the article at the point of EarlyCite publication.

Please note that Emerald will not make any changes to the material; it will not be copyedited, typeset, and authors will not receive proofs. Emerald therefore strongly recommends that you style all supplementary material ahead of acceptance of the article.

Emerald Insight can host the following file types and extensions:

  • Adobe Acrobat (.pdf)
  • MS Word document (.doc, .docx)
  • MS Excel (.xls, xlsx)
  • MS PowerPoint (.pptx)
  • Image (.png, .jpeg, .gif)
  • Plain ASCII text (.txt)
  • PostScript (.ps)
  • Rich Text Format (.rtf)

If you choose to use an institutional or personal repository, you should ensure that the supplementary material is hosted on the repository ahead of submission, and then include a link only to the repository within the article. It is the responsibility of the submitting author to ensure that the material is free to access and that it remains permanently available.

Please note that extensive supplementary material may be subject to peer review; this is at the discretion of the journal Editor and dependent on the content of the material (for example, whether including it would support the reviewer making a decision on the article during the peer review process).

References

References to other publications must be in APA style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency. This is very important in an electronic environment because it enables your readers to exploit the Reference Linking facility on the database and link back to the works you have cited through CrossRef.

You should cite publications in the text: (Adams, 2006) using the first named author's name or (Adams and Brown, 2006) citing both names of two, or (Adams et al., 2006), when there are three or more authors. At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied:

For books

Surname, Initials (year), Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication.

e.g. Harrow, R. (2005), No Place to Hide, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY.

For book chapters

Surname, Initials (year), "Chapter title", Editor's Surname, Initials, Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.

e.g. Calabrese, F.A. (2005), "The early pathways: theory to practice – a continuum", in Stankosky, M. (Ed.), Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management, Elsevier, New York, NY, pp. 15-20.

For journals

Surname, Initials (year), "Title of article", Journal Name, volume issue, pages.

e.g. Capizzi, M.T. and Ferguson, R. (2005), "Loyalty trends for the twenty-first century", Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 72-80.

For published 
conference proceedings

Surname, Initials (year of publication), "Title of paper", in Surname, Initials (Ed.), Title of published proceeding which may include place and date(s) held, Publisher, Place of publication, Page numbers.

e.g. Jakkilinki, R., Georgievski, M. and Sharda, N. (2007), "Connecting destinations with an ontology-based e-tourism planner", in Information and communication technologies in tourism 2007 proceedings of the international conference in Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2007, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, pp. 12-32.

For unpublished 
conference proceedings

Surname, Initials (year), "Title of paper", paper presented at Name of Conference, date of conference, place of conference, available at: URL if freely available on the internet (accessed date).

e.g. Aumueller, D. (2005), "Semantic authoring and retrieval within a wiki", paper presented at the European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC), 29 May-1 June, Heraklion, Crete, available at: http://dbs.uni-leipzig.de/file/aumueller05wiksar.pdf (accessed 20 February 2007).

For working papers

Surname, Initials (year), "Title of article", working paper [number if available], Institution or organization, Place of organization, date.

e.g. Moizer, P. (2003), "How published academic research can inform policy decisions: the case of mandatory rotation of audit appointments", working paper, Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, Leeds, 28 March.

For encyclopedia entries 
(with no author or editor)

Title of Encyclopedia (year) "Title of entry", volume, edition, Title of Encyclopedia, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.

e.g. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1926) "Psychology of culture contact", Vol. 1, 13th ed., Encyclopaedia Britannica, London and New York, NY, pp. 765-71.

(For authored entries please refer to book chapter guidelines above)

For newspaper 
articles (authored)

Surname, Initials (year), "Article title", Newspaper, date, pages.

e.g. Smith, A. (2008), "Money for old rope", Daily News, 21 January, pp. 1, 3-4.

For newspaper 
articles (non-authored)

Newspaper (year), "Article title", date, pages.

e.g. Daily News (2008), "Small change", 2 February, p. 7.

For archival or other unpublished sources

Surname, Initials, (year), "Title of document", Unpublished Manuscript, collection name, inventory record, name of archive, location of archive.

e.g. Litman, S. (1902), "Mechanism & Technique of Commerce", Unpublished Manuscript, Simon Litman Papers, Record series 9/5/29 Box 3, University of Illinois Archives, Urbana-Champaign, IL.

For electronic sources

If available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as a date that the resource was accessed.

e.g. Castle, B. (2005), "Introduction to web services for remote portlets", available at: http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/library/ws-wsrp/ (accessed 12 November 2007).

Standalone URLs, i.e. without an author or date, should be included either within parentheses within the main text, or preferably set as a note (roman numeral within square brackets within text followed by the full URL address at the end of the paper).

This journal is included in the following abstract and indexing services:

  • CNKI Scholar
  • Current Contents (Clarivate Analytics)
  • Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR)
  • EBSCO Discovery Service
  • Field Crop Abstracts (CABI)
  • Google Scholar
  • Information Services for Physics and Computing (INSPEC)
  • Scopus
  • Summons (ProQuest)
  • Web of Science- Zoological Record
  • Weed Abstracts (CABI)
  • WorldCat
  • Zoological Record (Clarivate Analytics)

Transparency Statement for Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research:

  1. Journal Ownership: Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research is published by Emerald Publishing on behalf of Arabian Gulf University.
  1. Governing Body: The editorial team is appointed and managed by Arabian Gulf University. The journal is governed by the editorial team in collaboration with Emerald Publishing.
     
  2. Peer Review Process: The journal operates a double-blind peer-review model. All articles undergo an initial assessment by the journal editor. If they are considered suitable for consideration, articles will then be a reviewed by a minimum of two external reviewers to assess suitability for publication. Final responsibility for editorial decisions rests with the Editor-in-Chief of the journal.
  1. Editorial team/contact information: Contact details for the editorial team can be found on the journal homepage here. Queries may also be directed to Emerald’s Publishing team as follows: Chris Tutill – [email protected]  
  1. Copyright: All articles in the journal are published Open Access under a Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY-4.0). This allows authors to retain copyright of their work whilst others can share, use and build upon this work created as long as appropriate attribution is given.
  1. Author Fees: The journal is published under a Platinum Open Access arrangement, in that all costs associated with publishing an Open Access article in the journal are funded by Arabian Gulf University. There are currently no Article Processing Charges to the author(s).
     
  2. Allegations of Misconduct: All journals published by Emerald are members of and subscribe to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics. In the event of any allegation of research or publication misconduct the publisher and editor will adhere to COPE guidelines in dealing with such allegations.
  1. Conflicts of Interest: Authors are asked to declare any financial or ethical conflicts of interest upon submitting their work to the journal. Difficult cases will be referred to the Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE) for advice.
     
  2. Frequency: The journal publishes four issues per annum.
     
  3. Access: All journal articles are published Open Access on EmeraldInsight.com - http://www.emeraldinsight.com under a CCBY 4.0 licence (please see section 5).
     
  4. Revenue sources: The journal is published under a platinum Open Access arrangement, in that all costs associated with publishing an Open Access article in the journal are funded by Arabian Gulf University.
     
  5. Advertising: The journal does not accept direct advertising.
     
  6. Archiving: Emerald provides perpetual access for all e-journal content by working with digital preservation schemes Portico, LOCKSS and CLOCKSS.
     
  7. Direct marketing: On occasion the journal will use direct marketing activities (primarily email campaigns) to raise awareness of the journal and to invite authors to submit articles. Marketing activities are conducted by Arabian Gulf University unless otherwise agreed with Emerald.

 

This statement was prepared by Beth Murray (Emerald Publishing) on 2 February 2022.